Amyoplasia–Is a condition characterized by a generalized lack in newborn of muscular development and group, with contracture and deformity at most joints.
AFO– ankle-foot-orthosis- A brace typically made of plastic that is worn on the lower leg and foot to support the ankle and hold the foot in the new corrected position.
Casting- typically a non-surgical approach aimed at correcting tightness around a joint or resolving a contracture. Methods and protocol vary.
Contracture-Is permanent shortening of a muscle or joint.
Club foot or Clubbed Feet– a congenital deformity of the foot that is twisted so that the sole of the foot cannot be places flat on the ground for walking. There are many types and varieties and is fairly common occurring in 1 in 1,000 live births in the U.S. per year.
Extension– the unbending or straightening of any joint in the body.
Flexion– the bending movement of any joint in the body.
Geneticist– A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis, prognosis, and in some cases treatment of genetic diseases.
Hip dysplasia– the failure of the hip joints to develop normally, gradually deteriorating and leading to the loss of hip function.
KAFOS- Knee-Ankle-Foot-Orthosis. Typically include an AFO in the lower portion connected by metal rods and a joint at the knee. These type of braces can stop, limit, or assist motion in the ankle, foot, and knee.
Lowers- Lower extremities- This includes hips, legs, knees, ankles, feet, and toes. Often times lower extremity specialists will also include spine.
OT- Occupational Therapy- A form of therapy concerned with providing independence in activities of daily living.
Pronation– rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palm faces backwards or downwards. Also, a comparable rotation of the foot consisting of abduction followed be eversion.
PT- Physical Therapy. A form of therapy that typically uses specially designed exercises and equipment to help patients gain or re-gain motion and independence.
Serial casting– typically a non-surgical approach aimed at correcting tightness around a joint or resolving a contracture by casting changed at a high frequency.
Spica- An orthopedic casts used to immobilize the hip. It is typically used after surgery and includes the truck of the body and upper portion of legs.
Supination– rotation of the hand and forearm so that the palms face upwards. Also, a comparable rotation of the foot consisting of adduction followed by inversion.
Stretching- the act of extending or flexing a part of one’s body in order to reach its maximum range of motion.
Uppers- Upper extremities. This includes shoulders, arms, elbows, wrists, fingers, and thumbs.
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